69期的特平码是什么|平码跟后现打一生肖

高中英语动词种类和形式知识点归纳

时间2019-01-04 英语知识 我要投稿

  类 别

  意义

  例 句

  实义动词

  含有实在的意义,表示动作或状态,在句子中能独立作谓语。

  She has some bananas.

  They eat a lot of potatoes.

  连系动词

  本身有一定的词义,但不能独立作谓语,必须和表语一起构成谓语。

  His father is a teacher.

  Twins usually look the same.

  The teacher became very angry.

  助动词

  本身没有词义,不能独立作谓语,只能和主要动词一起构成谓语动词,用来表示否定、疑问、时态、语态或其它语法形式,助动词自身有人称、单?#35789;?#21644;时态的变化。

  He doesn¨t speak English.

  We are playing basketball.

  Do you have a brother?

  情态动词

  本身有一定的意义,不能独立作谓语,只能和主要动词一起构成谓语动词,表示说话人的语气和情态。情态动词没有人称和单?#35789;?#30340;变化,有些情态动词有过去式。

  You can keep the books for two weeks.

  May I smoke here?

  We must go now.

  重要注解

  (1)关于实义动词

  英语的实义动词又可分为及物动词和不及物动词两大类

  后面必须跟宾语意义才完整的叫及物动词本身意义完整,后面不需跟宾语的叫不及物动词。

  有些动词通常只作不及物动词。如go,come,happen,lie,listen,rise,arrive等。

  有些动词通常用作及物动词。如say,raise,lay,find,buy等。

  大多数动词可以兼作及物动词和不及物动词。如study,sing等。

  ∠有些动词作及物动词与作不及物动词时的意义有所不同。如know,wash等。

  ⊥有些动词常和介词、副词或其它词类一起构成固定词组,形成短语动词。如listen,reply,wait,look.

  (2)关于连系动词

  连系动词用来连接主语和表语,连系动词后面常为形容词。

  常见的连系动词有be、become、look、feel、sound、smell、taste、seem、turn、grow、get、go、fall、sit、stand、lie等。

  有些连系动词来源于实义动词,意思也跟着变化look(看★看起来)、feel(感觉、摸★感到)、smell(闻、嗅★闻起来)、taste(尝★尝起来)、turn(翻转、转动★变得)、grow(生长★变得)、get(得到、到达★变得)、go(去★变得),所不同的是,作为实义动词时,后面不能跟形容词。

  (3)关于助动词

  常见的助动词有

  用于进行时和被动语态的be(am,is,are,was,were,been,being);

  用于完成时的have(has,had,having);

  用于将?#35789;?#30340;shall(should);will(would)

  用于一般时的do(does,did).

  助动词必须同主语的人称和数一致,也就是说因主语人称、数的不同而采用不同的形式,其中有些助动词也可作情态动词。如shall,will,should,would.

  2、动词词形变化一览表

  (1)规则动词变化表

  规 则变 化

  原形动词结尾情况

  现在时单三人称

  现在分词/动名词

  过去式和过去分词

  一般情况

  +s

  +ing

  +ed

  s,x,ch,sh,o结尾

  +es

  +ing

  +ed

  辅音字母+y结尾

  y★i,+es

  +ing

  y★i,+ed

  重读闭音节一元一辅结尾

  +s

  双写辅音字母,+ing

  双写辅音字母,+ed

  不发音的e结尾

  +s

  去掉e,+ing

  +d

  ie结尾

  +s

  ie★y,+ing

  +d

  不规则变化

  have★hasbe★is

  (无)

  (见不规则动词变化表)

  (2)不规则动词变化表(原形★过去式★过去分词)

  be(am,is)

  was

  been

  lose

  lost

  lost

  be(are)

  were

  been

  make

  made

  made

  beat

  beat

  beaten

  may

  might

  become

  became

  become

  mean

  meant

  meant

  begin

  began

  begun

  meet

  met

  met

  blow

  blew

  blown

  mistake

  mistook

  mistaken

  break

  broke

  broken

  must

  must

  bring

  brought

  brought

  pay

  paid

  paid

  build

  built

  built

  put

  put

  put

  buy

  bought

  bought

  read

  read

  Read

  can

  could

  ride

  rode

  ridden

  catch

  caught

  caught

  ring

  rang

  rung

  choose

  chose

  chosen

  rise

  rose

  risen

  come

  came

  come

  run

  ran

  run

  cost

  cost

  cost

  say

  said

  said

  cut

  cut

  cut

  see

  saw

  seen

  dig

  dug

  dug

  sell

  sold

  sold

  do

  did

  done

  send

  sent

  sent

  draw

  drew

  drawn

  set

  set

  set

  drink

  drank

  drunk

  shall

  should

  drive

  drove

  driven

  shine

  shone

  shone

  eat

  ate

  eaten

  show

  showed

  shown

  fall

  fell

  fallen

  shut

  shut

  shut

  feel

  felt

  felt

  sing

  sang

  sung

  find

  found

  found

  sink

  sank/sunk

  sunk/sunken

  fly

  flew

  flown

  sit

  set

  set

  forget

  forgot

  forgot/forgotten

  sleep

  slept

  slept

  freeze

  froze

  frozen

  smell

  smelt

  smelt

  get

  got

  got

  speak

  spoke

  spoken

  give

  gave

  given

  spend

  spent

  spent

  go

  went

  gone

  spill

  spilt

  spilt

  grow

  grew

  grown

  spoil

  spoilt

  spoilt

  hang

  hung/hanged

  hung/hanged

  stand

  stood

  stood

  have(has)

  had

  had

  sweep

  swept

  swept

  hear

  heard

  heard

  swim

  swam

  swum

  hide

  hid

  hidden

  take

  took

  taken

  hit

  hit

  hit

  teach

  taught

  taught

  hold

  held

  held

  tell

  told

  told

  hurt

  hurt

  hurt

  think

  thought

  thought

  keep

  kept

  kept

  throw

  threw

  thrown

  know

  knew

  known

  understand

  understood

  understood

  lay

  laid

  laid

  wake

  woke/waked

  woken/waked

  learn

  learnt/learned

  learnt/learned

  wear

  wore

  worn

  leave

  left

  left

  will

  would

  lend

  lent

  lent

  win

  won

  won

  let

  let

  let

  write

  wrote

  witten

  lie

  lay

  lain

  3、be(^是/存在 ̄)动词的各种时态变化

  一 般 现 在 时

  一 般 将 来 时

  现 在 完 成 时

  I am´.

  You are.´

  He/She/It is´.

  We/You/They are´.

  (I等各人称) will be´.

  I am

  He/She/It is going to be´

  We/You/They are

  I have been´.

  You have been´.

  She/he/It has been´.

  We/You/They have been´.

  一 般 过 去 时

  过 去 将 来 时

  过 去 完 成 时

  I was´.

  You were.´

  He/She/It was´.

  We/You/They were´.

  (I等各人称) would be´.

  I was

  He/She/It was going to be´

  We/You/They were

  I had been´.

  You had been´.

  She/he/It had been´.

  We/You/They had been´.

  注意句型变化时,

  否定句在am/is/are/will/have/has/was/were/had/would后面加not,而且not都可以缩写为n¨t(am后面not不可以缩写)

  疑问句将am/is/are/will/have/has/was/were/had/would提前到句首。

  4、其它谓语动词(主动语态)的时态变化一览表

  现在 时态

  一 般 现 在 时

  现 在 进 行 时

  一 般 将 来 时

  现 在 完 成 时

  谓语动词构成

  动词用原形(单三加s / es)

  (问句和否定句借用助词do / does)

  am

  is +动词-ing

  are

  will + 动词原形

  am

  is +going to+动词原形

  are

  have +过去分词

  has

  过去 时态

  一 般 过 去 时

  过 去 进 行 时

  过 去 将 来 时

  过 去 完 成 时

  谓语动词构成

  动词用过去式

  (问句和否定句借用助词did)

  was

  +动词-ing

  were

  would + 动词原形

  was

  +going to+动词原形

  were

  注动词的非谓语形式及用法见非谓语动词专项讲解。

69豚議蒙峠鷹頁焚担 MG濾腕蘋app 返字烏鷹蝕襲煽雰芝村 蝕襲巷御酔赤扮扮10蛍嶝廳10嵐 苧兎農廸妣岑兎寄弌 2018蝕襲芝村蝕襲潤惚 516薙兎嗄老嶄伉 嶷伯扮扮寡科蝕襲書爺 臼奨酔赤8号舵 單哢嚔赤廣過 嶷伯扮扮蝕科岷殴24弌扮脅蝕